Think Tank Thuto







From 2005 - 2014, TTT planned TAISBA
May 2015, the Marapong Land Board transferred titles to the
Anglican Diocese of Botswana to develop TAISBA's Mathangwane Campus.

Open Panel



2000 UN' MDGs
1996 VISION 2016

    PHOTO LA 2015
    Thank-you to PHOTO LA's Director Claudia James Bartlett, Founder Stephen Cohen, and exhibitor and production manager, Kat Sambor, for helping promote the foundation's work for Botswana, Africa:

    THINK TANK THUTO THINK TANK THUTO (Los Angeles & Botswana) has defined a 'green' vision for TAISBA's Mathangwane Campus (2005 - 2014)


    PHOTO LA will be 25 years old in 2016. Its an annual photography fair that gathers Galleries and photographers from all over the world to exhibit for a period of 3 days in Los Angeles, California.

    The Land that Kgosi Itekeng, Headsman Batisani Moeti, The Kgosis of Tonota North and Mathangwane's Village Development Council allocated in 2007 was approved middle May by Marapong's Landboard. The Anglican Diocese of Botswana, Africa (+everyone else who is part of Think Tank Thuto) has planned a 600 student, International, Pre-K to Secondary Boarding School for the area.

    If you have any questions after visiting www.thinktankthuto.org please contact either Susan Mogwera (Anglican Diocese in Gaborone, Botswana) or Annelize Bester (Los Angeles).

    Hopefully I'll be able to list all individuals who has contributed in the planning of sustainable, coordinated and inclusive development(s) for Mathangwane, Botswana, Africa.

    Individuals who helped plan the International school and complementary development(s) for the village were from:
    South Africa

    If you do not see your name under the year(s) you worked on this project, please email: This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it..


    THINK TANK THUTO: Is a  Global Education Committee defining 21st Century Education for SADC's rural Villages. (Focus Mathangwane 2007 - 2014).

    Communication of the project(s) to the people of Botswana and around the Globe have always been a challenge. For the people in Botswana the project is a local Anglican Project. For elsewhere, people comprehend it as an International School for an African Village. Furthermore the average person in Los Angeles are not familiar with the African Continent, and do not know the difference between a Batswana or an Afrikaaner.

    Initially everything  - planning of the Schools (Mathangwane, Francistown, Palapye); community outreach programs; Health Clinics; production and marketing, foundation in Los Angeles - was thrown under an umbrella term: Think Tank Thuto. It was super confusing.

    Since 2009 a number of websites were built.  All are project specific but relates to one main objective i.e. To uphold the 3 pillars of Sustainable Development while planning the development of Mathangwane Village:

    1. www.Think Tank Thuto :: A Global Education committee defining Education's Role in Sustainable, Co-ordinated and Inclusive Human Development

    2. www.thechildrenofbotswana.org :: A Humanitarian Photography Collection to help promote and Education Fund for Botswana's Disadvantage and AIDS Orphans

    3. www.thuto.foundation :: Organization is a registered US 501 (c) 3 PF

    In collaboration with the Anglican Diocese of Botswana, launched a number of initiatives and related programs to help plan TAISBA's Mathangwane Campus and to help economic development for the Village of Mathangwane

    4. www.thuto.media :: Stock Photography (media) by Annelize Bester

    5.  www.THUTO.com :: a portal about and to all projects (Profit and Non-Profit) that I, Annelize Bester, connect to.
    MAY - JUNE

    Rt. Rev. Methla Beleme, Anglican Bishop of Botswana (2013 - present)
    Rt. Rev. Trevor Mwamba, Anglican Bishop of Botswana (2005 - 2012)
    Professor John Melamu
    Susan Mogwera
    Professor Sam Yeboah
    Professor Alec Pongweni
    Claire Hamilton
    Beauty Autlwetse
    Victoria Masenya
    Dudu Mbaakanyi
    Ben Motlhalamme
    Edwin Qobose
    Rabson Sebego

    Doreen Nteta (RIP)
    Clement Oliphant (RIP)

    Ava Avalos
    Kweku Bentil
    Lillian Moremi
    Ssahar Mohyuddin
    Emma Wareus
    Emma's Mom
    Mrs. Mudongo
    Ma & 'Pops'
    Izel Bester & Rudi Barnard
    Robert Peterson, Chair of Graduate Film, The Art Center
    Betsy Winchell, Photographer
    Michel Karman, A&I
    Baret Lepejian, A&I
    Gerd Ludwig
    Dolores Lusitana
    Mahasti Afshar
    John Liu
    Yen Yi
    Edmond Lelo
    Michel Cavro, Cristal
    Ayse Byzanz, designer
    Will Ayers, WILLIAM
    Barbaise Quatre-Quatre
    Julie Towner
    John Matkowsky
    Vanessa Golenia
    The Mwamba Family
    Kelly Hu
    International School [www.thinktankthuto.org] & Education Fund [www.thechildrenofbotswana.org]
    PHOTO LA 2014 donates booth to help promote Botswana Projects: #thinktankthuto & #tcobw.

    ARUP'S Development Template (#Morero) The Morero Initiative is presented to possible LA Stakeholders while Annelize Bester prepares for pending trip to Botswana.
    Jan - Aug
    Burberry's, Beverly Hills
    Thank-you Kat Rudu for introducing the foundation's work for Botswana, Africa to everyone at the event. What a wonderful gesture!
    Jan - Aug

    Think Tank Thuto (Land)The Anglican Diocese, Mathangwane and VDC & Annelize Bester (THUTO) rallies at Marapong's Landboard.

    www.thechildrenofbotswana.org #tcobw
    A class from Rainbow Primary & Middle School participates in the final production for the first Photo Book. Officially over 50 students from 2007 to 2014 participated in this project to create and promote an Education Fund for Botswana's Disadvantage Children.
    September - Early 2015
    Presentation of ARUP's rural Development plan for Mathangwane Village with the International School as the driving force. The Morero Initiative is introduced to Kgosi Mathangwane & the VDC; BITC; The Anglican Diocese; Brand Botswana; University of Botswana; USC Marshall & UCLA.
    October to December

    DEVELOPING CHANGE: A Group exhibition that featured ten other humanitarian organizations dedicated to positive and beneficial change through photography. DRKRM's location was amazing - 933 Chung King Road, Los Angeles.
    I was very disappointed to learn that team, at the last minute decided to travel to Kenya instead. Good news was that there was a clearly defined idea as to what could work in the context of an Eco-Agricultural village.
  • R.I.P. MC

    Pasadena, CA
    The good ones always die young
    May 30

    I think it was Julie from drkrm who encouraged me to exhibit at the photo fair. So I printed additional works by Children from Gabs, Francistown and of course Mathangwane

    USC Marshall Global Consulting
    Professor Dasu (USC Marshall) supervised 2 volunteer MBA students' R&D. The main objective was to pinpoint a sustainable business as defined by the frameworks of ARUP's development template; ultimately a complementary development to that of the Anglican's International School with a strong emphasis on creating jobs for the people of the village.
    January - December


    Thank-you to both Brands Owners - Will Ayers and Ayse Byzanz - for introducing the Foundation's work for Botswana, Africa to event attendees.

    Updating the Businessplan for the last time
    Key concepts had to be incorporate; also we had to deliver a defined Project Proposal as former World Vision CEO Argentina Matavel suggested:
    1. Sustainablity Pillars had to be clearly defined
    2. Performance Based Education: Putting the student at the heart of campus' activity
    3. ARUP'S Development Template
    January - August
  • CRISTAL - Michel Cavro
    Following direction from the Anglican Taskforce - Michel Cavro (Cristal) delivered CGI beginning of September 2012. It took him a little over a year - Summer 2011 - before we delivered initial ideas to Botswana.
    January - September
    Printing for the annual photography fair started late December. I chose a number of volunteers' work from Gaborone, Francistown and of course Mathangwane.
    Mathangwane, Botswana, Africa
    Application for titles to the land was now an ongoing issue. The Marapong Landboard's criteria was strict and over the years many requests had to be observed by the Church.
    Additional issues were:

    1. Business plan by USC Marshall (2007) were written for Francistown not Mathangwane.
    2. The Land board needed to understand what the Church was planning to build.
    3. The tribal system had been replaced by new system. Around end of 2011 an ongoing miscommunication with a key stakeholder continued to 2014: The Regional Planning Department in Francistown somehow was not informed of the allocation of land by Mathangwane's Chief. So when Long Term Maps were printed there was no indication that the land had been allocated to the Anglican Diocese.
  • ROAD MAP 2011 - 2012

    An in-house plan as to where we were with R&D for the Mathangwane Campus, The Village & Community Outreach Programs in Development.

    The Road Map was important for it offered the first comprehensive snapshot for the Mathangwane Campus and related activities:

    In 2009 The Anglican Education Taskforce and the foundation adopted the Guiding Pillars of Sustainable Development. Consequently a number of other management choices were made according to our 'shared' support of Sustainable Development:
    I. ARUP's Development Template for Rural Villages
    II. The Frameworks measuring Sustainable Human Development: UN MDGs & Botswana's Vision 2016
    III. Management Module: UN's Global Compact (For Foundation)
    IV. Accountability and Transparency (For Foundation).


    Sustainability's Three Pillars
    1. Social
    2. Environment
    3. Economic

    The 3 pillars of sustainability are a powerful tool for defining the complete sustainability problem. If any one pillar is weak then the system as a while is unsustainable.


    From: http://www.thwink.org

    Most national and international problem solving efforts focus on only one pillar at a time. For example, the United Nations Environmental Programme (UNEP), the environmental protection agencies (EPA) of many nations, and environmental NGOs focus on the environmental pillar. The World Trade Organization (WTO) and the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD) focus mostly on economic growth, thought the OECD gives some attention to social sustainability, like war reduction and justice. The United Nations attempts to strengthen all three pillars, but due to its consensual decision making process and small budget has minor impact. The United Nations focuses mostly on the economic pillar, since economic growth is what most of its members want most, especially developing nations.

    This leaves a void. No powerful international organization is working on the sustainability problem as a whole, which would include all three pillars.
    However, as the Great Recession of 2008 demonstrated, weakness in the other pillars can directly weaken the environmental pillar. Many nations and states are cutting back or postponing stricter environmental laws or investment, since their budgets are running deficits. Many environmental NGOs are seeing their income fall. If the Great Recession grew substantially worse and morphed into another Great Depression, you would expect the environmental pillar would get severely less attention, since eating now is a priority over saving the environment.
    The social pillar is critical too. Once a war breaks out environmental sustainability has zero priority. If a nation lives in dire poverty, the environment is pillaged with little thought for the future.
    Therefore solutions to the sustainability problem must include making all three pillars sustainable.

    The MDGs and Vision 2016 are frameworks for measuring progress in Human Development. Think Tank Thuto (R&D for School, Village and Community Outreach Programs) has focused on the long term goals of these frameworks, and planned accordingly.

    III. MANAGEMENT MODULE - UN's Global Compact.

    IV. ACCOUNTABILITY AND TRANSPARENCY - The U.S. foundation has filed
    Form 990 annually since 2007 via Stanislawski & Harrison, a Pasadena CPA Firm.
    APRIL 22, 2011
  • 90, 000 Government Workers on Strike in Botswana.

    Gaborone, Botswana (CNN) --
    Public servants across Botswana are in the fourth day Thursday of a strike that is expected to last until April 29. The strike began after the mediator between the five unions representing civil servants and the Directorate of Public Service Management gave the unions the go-ahead to strike.

    The workers are seeking a 16% salary hike. The government of President Ian Khama has not increased civil servants' salaries for the past three years.

    It is estimated 90,000 government workers out of a total of some 103,000 have been staying off the job.

    It has been reported that 50 doctors at Princess Marina Hospital in Gaborone, the southern African nation's capital, have also joined the strike. This is in addition of hundreds of health workers, including nurses, across Botswana who have been off the job.

    There are reports that some schools in the country have closed because of the absence of teachers and cooks.

    But despite the five unions' threat to paralyze border posts, it has been business as usual at Ramokgwebana border post throughout this week.

    Members of the Botswana Defence Force were deployed there to render service that is usually offered by immigration officers. The soldiers were apparently inducted on Sunday to man the border for the duration of the strike. They manned the offices in full military uniforms, allowing travelers in and out of the country.

    This action, seen as disregard of strike rules agreed upon by the Directorate of Public Service Management, has incensed the unions.

    "This is a clear contravention of strike rules, especially Section 37 of the Trade Dispute Act, which says an employer cannot replace (people) on strike before 14 days elapses. The government does not respect the rule of law," charged Ketlhalefile Motshegwa, secretary general of the Botswana Land Boards Local Authorities and Health Workers Union, who was making the rounds to assess the situation in the northeast.

    Meanwhile, Khama and his Cabinet went on leave Monday after the adjournment of Parliament last Friday. Some union members have complained this shows the president is not taking their plight seriously.

    APRIL 22, 2011

    THUTO | foundation

    I. RISC: A performance – based Education System
RISC (Alaska based company) & INGENIUM CHARTER SCHOOLS

    I think it was towards the end of 2008/9 that I was trying to define USC Marshall’s “State of the Art Education System.”


I found RISC in a google search, called and spoke with Rick up in Alaska. Wendy Battino (co-founder) invited me to join the Board in Seattle May of 2010. I was on the board of RISC until sometime fall 2012.


So by June 2011 I had most definitely visited both Ingenium Charter Schools in Los Angeles and started filming activities at both campuses.

    I discovered that RISC was most definitely a solution to consider. Was it the “Superman” of Education Systems? It was definitely a system that is for today’s learners vs yesterday’s Education System that was created for learners from an Agrarian Culture.

It took most of June – August to sort out photography that was relevant for Michel’s CGI. But he took off and delivered a year later an entire plan for a 600 Student Campus to be built in Mathangwane.


III. THUTO MD – Dr. Claudia Emami’s Master in Global Health Class at USC

The good doctor, having been tasked with creating a Primary Care program for THUTO MD, introduces Think Tank Thuto [Mathangwane] to her class. Annie der Avvedissian and Brother Aram suggest “Life by Midwife”. And submits data about this issue to the foundation for TAISBA’s Mathangwane campus.

    THUTO | media

    I was busy with the social-media pages, websites, and then too the task of archiving. A stronger direction to market www.thechildrenofbotswana.org was needed; And then too what about www.mathangwane.org? 


    Landlockedness & Population

    POPULATON – 1,969,341
MALE 986,505
    FEMALE 982,836


    www.thechildrenofbotswana.org #tcobw

    A PUBLISHER! Nazraeli Press - Yes a GREAT publisher for a coffee table book. Pending final production in Botswana by the Children and others, Chris, committed to the publication of the work that was done. Profits will benefit the HIV/AIDS & Disadvantage Children in and around Tonota North Constituency.

    A CMS SYSTEM This project, like Think Tank Thuto, changed. We had to separate it from www.thinktankthuto.org. It became imperative to choose a CMS system that the foundation could manage independent from a web company. Albeit all the projects are related to achieve one objective, the projects have been developed to be managed independent from one another.
  • THUTO | media (A For Profit Media Archive)

    Betsy Winchell Photography

    Raphael Anderson, Claudia Emami, Robert Peterson and I - all photographed by Betsy for the first in house Road Map.

    The foundation wanted to communicate to the Anglican Education Taskforce as to who was helping from Los Angeles.

    Unfortunately around mid 2010, because of the issue of the land, Art Center's Design Matters Director, Marianna Amatullo didn't want to commit. I had spent almost 4 years organizing for FIlm Student to travel to Botswana with the Chair of the Grad Film Program, Bob Peterson. I was very disappointed.

    In hindsight, there are plenty of Limkokwing Students (Multi-Media) that the Diocese can approach for support of their work for Mathangwane. In fact I was introduced to Charity Mackenzie in 2009, who was very interested in helping out at Mogoditshane. Towards the end of 2010 we organized for Charles Nyembe and her to run a workshop clinic at the Diocese Orphanage in Mogoditshane. Ideally I wish that they had just carried on by themselves.
  • THUTO | MEDIA - www.thuto.media

    A PHOTO ARCHIVE @ www.thuto.media (coming 2015)

    I had to find, create and manage a digital photography system for not only "The Children of Botswana" collection; but also for all other events and locations photographed in Botswana.

    THUTO's Archive - www.thuto.media
    1. To have the entire collection on-demand, 24/7
    2. Pending Use: To Share/Sell Images in U.S.A. and Botswana.
    3. To avoid management of duplicate files.
    4. To add MetaData, to archive, to find any image with ease.
    FALL 2009 - SUMMER 2010

    There are many. The first in depth R&D was about RISC (www.reinventingschools.org). I was invited to become a board member around May 2010; fall 2012 because of the issue of the land I resigned from the board. At that time we had no idea as to when Marapong's Landboard would approve the land.

    A lot of information and help came from Glen Noreen (owner) of Barack Obama Charter School in Watts, Los Angeles; and Ingenium in Canoga Park.


    About Marzano Research ~ http://www.marzanoresearch.com/
    Founded in 2008, Marzano Research is a private, for-profit education organization that specializes in research, evaluation, and professional development of educators at the local, state, and federal levels. Marzano Research exists to turn research results into practical strategies for classroom teachers and school administrators. The organization has worked in all 50 states and several countries with clients that include federal agencies, state departments of education, districts, schools, and private firms in sites that include urban, suburban, and rural schools. Marzano Research currently operates the Regional Educational Laboratory (REL) Central, a $25M+ contract funded by the Institute of Education Services (IES) that provides research and technical assistance to Colorado, Kansas, Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota, South Dakota, and Wyoming. In addition to this large federal contract, the organization holds hundreds of contracts with state and local education agencies and conducts approximately $12M in contracts annually.

    About RISC ~ http://www.reinventingschools.com/
    The Re-Inventing Schools Coalition was established in 2002 as a nonprofit foundation with the mission of helping all students achieve, particularly those who struggle within the traditional time-based K-12 education system. The Reinventing Schools Division of Marzano Research’s approach to competency-based, personalized learning originated from work started in 1994 when the Chugach School District in Alaska began restructuring its K-12 system. In 2000 the US Department of Education recognized the district's competency-based, personalized Learning system with the New American High School Designation, a result of documentation demonstrating reductions in student dropout rates, and increases in student achievement, enrollment at postsecondary institutions, and attendance, In 2001 the district earned the prestigious Malcolm Baldrige National Quality Award.

    Marzano Research ~ Acquisition of RISC
    In 2014, Marzano Research acquired Reinventing Schools. Now a division of Marzano Research, the Reinventing Schools Division team continues to support districts, schools, and classrooms as they transition from teacher-driven, time-based education systems to learner-centered, competency based systems. Reinventing Schools Division-supported schools continue to garner recognition for their accomplishments. The Reinventing Schools Division currently works with individual schools, districts, and education departments in Alaska, Arkansas, California, Colorado, Delaware, Florida, Maine, Michigan, and South Carolina.

    2010 - 2015

    The Value of Consultations within Society. How to achieve a Shared-Vision when the team (Think Tank Thuto) planning TAISBA is Global and Local?

    Think Tank Thuto while planning TAISBA, The Anglican International Schools of Botswana, Africa & and related activities adopted the Batswana tradition of ‘morero.’

    Batswana strongly believe in the value of consultations within society. The process of morero (consultation) at inter-personal, family, and community levels is considered an invaluable asset in the ability to reach and sustain agreements.

    At the national level, public service officials and politicians, including the President, regularly travel throughout the country to consult ordinary citizens on various government programmes and other issues of national or local concern. In this way, most citizens do not feel left out of the decision-making process of their country.

    Failure to consult tends to generate negative responses since people interpret it as an indirect statement that either they do not matter, are inferior, or in the case of the family unit, not significant enough to be worth consulting. Although consultations tend to be time consuming, the consensus they bring about creates a lot of harmony both within families and in society as a whole. The modern system of government in Botswana has benefited greatly from this culture of morero.

    2005 - 2015

    Mathangwane Campus' Health Clinic; Primary Care (preventative health) program by US Med Students? Tele-Medicine? The Team at the beginning of 2010 in the U.S. were Claire Morin, Dr. Claudia Emami and I. Dr. Emami was the 'it' person. She had initiated the R&D Team at UCLA for School Based Health Clinics; but was working with a blank canvas when it came to Mathangwane, Botswana. Dr. Morin offered to consult via email from Washington

    Her input echoed what many had said to me starting back in 2006:

    "Dambisa Moyo, a Zambian and former school-mate of Dr. Morin wrote a book "Dead AID" which among other rings argues that it is the AID to Africa that has kept Africa underdeveloped.

    Claire emphasized engagement with the local community.

    Other Suggestions for the needs Assessment for Dr. Emami were:
    1. Start reviewing country profile information that is already available from agencies like World Bank, USAID, ADRA, JHPIEGO
    2. Balance the data with the attitude of the locals. What do they perceive is needed? I think this is critical for success in Botswana.
    3. Dr. Clement Chela a former class mate, coordinates JHPIEGO's program in Botswana.He also directed the Gates Foundation AIDS program in Botswana. His wife Angelina's a good friend & teaches medical students. The Bishop knows them well :)
    4. Involvement of local MDs is certainly important & your ability to connect really key.

    Researching what a media lab can do (dual function)
    1. A Library/Media Lab
    2. A Primary Care Unit that can connect from a rural village to a hospital. Its possible to implement a system where local data is collected.

  • ROAD MAP 2010

    An in-house plan as to where we were with R&D for the Mathangwane Campus, The Village & Community Outreach Programs in Development.

    The Road Map was important for it offered the first comprehensive snapshot for the Mathangwane Campus and related activities:

    In 2009 The Anglican Education Taskforce and the foundation adopted the Guiding Pillars of Sustainable Development. Consequently a number of other management choices were made according to our 'shared' support of Sustainable Development:
    I. ARUP's Development Template for Rural Villages
    II. The Frameworks measuring Sustainable Human Development: UN MDGs & Botswana's Vision 2016
    III. Management Module: UN's Global Compact (For Foundation)
    IV. Accountability and Transparency (For Foundation).


    Sustainability's Three Pillars
    1. Social
    2. Environment
    3. Economic

    The 3 pillars of sustainability are a powerful tool for defining the complete sustainability problem. If any one pillar is weak then the system as a while is unsustainable.


    From: http://www.thwink.org

    Most national and international problem solving efforts focus on only one pillar at a time. For example, the United Nations Environmental Programme (UNEP), the environmental protection agencies (EPA) of many nations, and environmental NGOs focus on the environmental pillar. The World Trade Organization (WTO) and the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD) focus mostly on economic growth, thought the OECD gives some attention to social sustainability, like war reduction and justice. The United Nations attempts to strengthen all three pillars, but due to its consensual decision making process and small budget has minor impact. The United Nations focuses mostly on the economic pillar, since economic growth is what most of its members want most, especially developing nations.

    This leaves a void. No powerful international organization is working on the sustainability problem as a whole, which would include all three pillars.
    However, as the Great Recession of 2008 demonstrated, weakness in the other pillars can directly weaken the environmental pillar. Many nations and states are cutting back or postponing stricter environmental laws or investment, since their budgets are running deficits. Many environmental NGOs are seeing their income fall. If the Great Recession grew substantially worse and morphed into another Great Depression, you would expect the environmental pillar would get severely less attention, since eating now is a priority over saving the environment.
    The social pillar is critical too. Once a war breaks out environmental sustainability has zero priority. If a nation lives in dire poverty, the environment is pillaged with little thought for the future.
    Therefore solutions to the sustainability problem must include making all three pillars sustainable.

    The MDGs and Vision 2016 are frameworks for measuring progress in Human Development. Think Tank Thuto (R&D for School, Village and Community Outreach Programs) has focused on the long term goals of these frameworks, and planned accordingly.

    III. MANAGEMENT MODULE - UN's Global Compact.

    IV. ACCOUNTABILITY AND TRANSPARENCY - The U.S. foundation has filed
    Form 990 annually since 2007 via Stanislawski & Harrison, a Pasadena CPA Firm.


    2008 - 2011 THANK-YOU TO:

    Ministry of Health
    Dr. Moffet
    Gosego Nthume
    Ava Avalos
    Jessica Inga

    Dr. Alejandro Sanchez

    Dr. Claudia Emami
    Alicia Lara
    Angela Coron
    Marina Groysman

    Dr. Emami
    Annie Der Avedissian
    Aram der Avedissian


    Dr. Sanchez & Dr. Emami

    Fall 2008 Dr. Claudia Emami introduced the project to USC KECK's Director of Global Health Dr. Alejandro Sanchez. Early Because he had been working on a project in Uganda - School + Community Health Center - Dr. Sanchez's advice was to look into an area that was not thought of by earlier researchers: School Based Health Clinics.
    Early Spring 2009 he had me present Think Tank Thuto at Keck; and a 4 member team was put together to travel to Botswana. But at the last minute a letter from the Ministry of Health was requested by USC administration. Unfortunately the invitation by the Diocese and Foundation for the students to participate in the planning and establishment of a school clinic in the village did not come about.
    The Honduras Community Outreach ProgramI initiated a dialogue with Michael Deegan (outreach officer) at All Saint’s, Beverly Hills for direction to community outreach programs to implement in the village. Dr. Emami and I met with him and he suggested to focus on what he described as elementary but often overlooked: Basic Hygiene. He had asked a nurse who was about to retire the one thing that she would do more often if she was starting over: The Cleaning of one's mouth.

    A Rural Development Plan for Mathangwane

    A Mark Shorett was identified in ARUP's San Francisco Office to conduct a needs assessment.

    But we were a little ahead of the Anglican Education Taskforce in Botswana. Steve Done and I had already mapped out several possibilities for complementary developments in support of TAISBA's Mathangwane Campus Fall 2008. Done had spent significant time in Botswana and knew the A3 Highway and the Mathangwane area very well.

    At this point in time I still had to travel to Botswana to present Why ARUP? Why develop Mathangwane as an Eco-Agricultural Village?

    A Development Framework: UN's MDGs
    At the Millennium Summit in September 2000, member states of the United Nations unanimously adopted the Millennium Declaration and reaffirmed their commitment to addressing the global challenges of creating a just, shared, peaceful and prosperous world. This Declaration originated from a series of international summits and conferences in the 1990s through which the United Nations sought to renew its global agenda in the post-cold war era. The Declaration contained numerous commitments to enhance the future of humanity in the new century. The United Nations Secretariat subsequently drafted the list of eight objectives, each with a set of targets and specific indicators.

    The eight MDGs are
    1. Eradicate extreme poverty and hunger
    2. Achieve universal Primary Education
    3. Promote gender equality and empower women
    4. Reduce child Mortality
    5. Improve Maternal Health
    6. Combat HIV/AIDS, Malaria and other diseases
    7. Ensure Environmental Sustainability
    8. Develop a global partnership for Development


    From Botswana's National Development Plan (NDP10), pages 23. 26

    BOTSWANA - MDGs and VISION 2016
    Vision 2016 is Botswana’s strategy to propel its socio-economic and political development into a competitive, winning and prosperous nation. The goals of Vision 2016 are aligned to the United Nations MDGs: Prosperity for all: http://www.vision2016.co.bw. The United Nations set targets, the MDGs, were created to achieve various social and economic goals by 2015.

    BOTSWANA - achieving the Millennium Development Goals
    1. Eradicate extreme poverty and hunger
    The proportion of people living below the Poverty Datum Line continued to fall between 1993/94 and 2002//03, from 47 percent to 30 percent. This was a larger reduction measured by percentage points than had occurred in the previous eight years: 16 percentage points compared with 12 percentage points.
    There was also progress in reducing hunger. The percentage of children under the age of five, who were underweight for age, was reduced from 12.45 in 2000 to the much lower figure of 4 percent in 2006.

    2. Universal Primary Education
    In 2004, the Net Enrollment Rate for the primary school age group, those between 7 and 13 years was 98.5 percent. This high attendance rate was achieved despite education not being compulsory. One of the reasons for some children not attending primary school was that parents in some ethnic groups regard cultural education as more important than formal education in the school system.

    3. Promotion of gender equality and the empowerment of women
    Botswana’s performance has remained satisfactory. The ratio of girl to boys in primary and secondary education remained above 100 percent, as did the ratio of young literate females to males. Percentage of women employed in non-agricultural sectors of the economy increased from 38.4 percent in 1995 to 40.2 percent in 2006. In contrast the percentage of women in Parliament dropped to 11 percent in 2004 from 18 percent in 1999.

    4. Reduction of child mortality
    The impact of HIV/AIDS included a reversal of progress made previously on both infant and child mortality Infant mortality increased from 74 per thousand live births in 2000, to 87 per thousand in 2005. Similarly, the mortality rate for children under five increased from 101 per thousand in 2000, to 120 per thousand in 2005. Both the 2005 statistics were better than the average for Sub-Saharan Africa, for which the figures were 96 per thousand and 163 per thousand, respectively. Botswana’s income per head is much higher than the average for Sub-Saharan Africa. This generated better than average African health statistics for many years.

    5. Improvement of maternal mortality rates
    “Maternal mortality ratio remains high as facility based estimates for 2005 and 2006 were 175 [maternal deaths] per 100, 000 live birth respectively. These are mainly due to hemorrhage and sepsis following unsafe abortions” The equivalent statistic in 1991 was 326 maternal deaths per 100,000 live births. The Government target is 150 maternal deaths per 100,000 live births by 2011. Clearly, some progress has been made, but it has again been made difficult b the high HIV/AIDS prevalence among women in the reproductive age group. This is so despite the further improvement in the (very high) proportion of births attended by skilled health personnel. The proportion was 94 percent in 1996, and 96.1 percent in 2003. The 2004 figure was down, but only slightly, on the 2000 figure (97 percent).

    6. Combat HIV AIDS, malaria and other diseases.
    HIV prevalence among pregnant women aged 15-49 decreased in 2005 to 33.4 percent, from 37.4 percent in 2003. Against this, there was no improvement between 2003 and 2005 in the HIV prevalence rate for adults, as estimated by UNAIDS/WHO in 2006. There was a marginal deterioration from 24.0 to 24.1 percent. The equivalent figures imputed for the adult population (aged between 15 and 49) are 29 percent in 2002, 31 percent in 2003 and 28 percent in 2005.

    • This improvement occurred despite the fact that more of those suffering from HIV/AIDS were surviving, because of the free availability of ART therapy.
    • Prevalence among the 15-19 age groups has fallen from a peak of over 30 percent in 1995, to below 20 percent in 2005. This suggests that “among younger people at least, the extensive Information, Education and Communication (IEC) campaign has had intended effects and that behavioral change is taking place as intended” [Econsult, 2006].
    • Statistics on the incidence of tuberculosis have been getting worse, because HIV/AIDS reduces resistance to this and other diseases. Again, however, there has been a slight improvement. Tuberculosis cases detected fell slightly.

    7. Ensure environmental sustainability.

    Some progress was made during NDP 9 in passing environmental legislation and developing regulations and guidelines, including:

    • State of Environment Reporting (SOER)

    • The Environmental Impact Assessment IEIA) legislation came into force in May 2005, regulations have been drafted and are expected to come into force before the end of 2007/08.
    • Production of natural resources accounts for livestock, minerals and water in order to mainstream environmental/economic instruments into the planning process.
    • Ratification of several Multilateral Environmental Agreements (MEAs) including: a National Action Plan (NAP) under the United Nations Convention to Combat Desertification (UNCCD); a Biodiversity Strategy and Action Plan (BSAP), under the Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD); designation of the Okavango Delta as a Wetland of International Importance (Ramsar site), and the development of the Okavango Delta Management Plan (ODMP).

    Some problems remain:
    • Absence of legislation for coordinated environmental management planning
    • Absence of district environmental coordinators
    • Inadequate institutional capacity at the Department of Environmental Affairs, which results in delays in reviewing and approving EIA reports
    • Lack of capacity to develop natural resource accounts resulting in gaps in the accounts
    • Lack of coordinated MEA reporting
    • Absence of recycling of wastewater and waste materials in urban areas.
    8. Develop global partnership for development. The three objectives listed under this MDG are

    • To develop an environment conducive for beneficial trade and foreign direct investment
    • in cooperation with the private sector, to make available the benefits of new technologies, especially ICT
    • To reduce the specific problems faced by Botswana as a landlocked country.
    Issues concerning trade and foreign direct investment have already been discussed in this paper. Although Botswana is ranked fourth in Africa and 50th globally for its national business environment, this paper has argued that an improve investment climate is urgently needed to achieve the objectives of NDP 10.

    On technology, Botswana is ranked seventh in Africa, an 59th globally according to the Global Competitive Index 2004. Again, while this relative position appears moderately attractive, there is an urgent need to improve the ICT infrastructure if Botswana is to increase further those service exports which rely on improved access to the Internet.

    The problems of landlockedness have also been discussed. On the one hand, Botswana should concentrate on exporting goods to the country’s immediate neighbors, other than high-value/low-bulk goods for which transport costs to countries outside the region are so small that Botswana does not face a significant competitive disadvantage. On the other hand, Botswana should shift the emphasis of economic policy from manufacture exports to service exports, specifically those which can be export using the Internet, because of the negligible transport costs involved. This latter objective requires, as already noted, improved ICT infrastructure.


    There wasn't time to travel to Mathangwane in 2009

    Of course we named the Initiative, Health Clinic (R&D for), and Possible Community programs: THUTO MD. Dr. Moffat, Mma Gosego, Jessica Inga (Think Tank Thuto, co-ordinator) and I spent almost a month organizing meetings to get a letter that would allow the foundation to bring Medical Student to Botswana. It took a good 6 or 7 months before the letter was finally issued sometime Spring of 2010.

    The permission letter from the Ministry of Health allowed for: "A non clinical Attachment (with focus on Providing Primary Level Care (Outreach Services) in a Public Setting."
    Dr. Sanchez was very interested in Africa. Because of his class size, he also wanted to know if there were any other African Countries that I could organize for. So after Botswana, I stopped off in Kenya to meet with a couple who was running a small school in the Lake Naivasha Area. A lot of need everywhere. Not just in Africa, but in California as well.

    3. THUTO's Archive (www.thuto.media)
    I continued shooting Gaborone's Modern Buildings. The government had requested that U.S. non-profits should refrain from presenting their work with too many poor images of the country. Botswana is a middle emerging market economy and yes like everywhere else, there is poverty, but there is plenty of opportunity as well.

    The Anglican Taskforce votes on "Why Arup" Why Green and is introduced to the concept of ARUP's Eco-Village. We decided to delay the Urban Planner - Mark Shorrett - because "The Issue of the Land" was still ongoing. My meetings with Arup, Principal, Steve Done continues throughout the years to follow. ARUP also in the years that passes continues development of their Chinese' Eco-villages: "Dongtan" & a 2nd one comes about "COFCO". Right before my 2011 needs assessment trip, he presents me with COFCO Agricultural Eco-Valley, Beijing. Done's thinking, given the challenges and opportunities of Mathangwnane, was that the template sponsored by COFCO was more fitting for Mathangwane's Village Development Council to copy.
    Upon my return from Botswana, I learned that Dr. Emami had put together a team in one of her UCLA's MPH classes to do the research about school based clinics. We started organizing for a 2010 Needs Assessment trip to Botswana:

    Dr. Emami and the UCLA Team:
    Alicia Lara
    Angela Coron
    Marina Groysman
    along with Dr. Emami spends a year researching School Based Health Clinics.

    The one thing that has never changed since I started working on this project is the speed of the internet in Botswana. Its truly not conducive to been competitive in today's Global Economy. 

    The LiveBooks' donation was pretty much useless. A year's work had gone into the design and building of www.thinktankthuto.org. Perhaps one can say that the server in San Francisco was just too far for the site to load; on the other hand no matter where I tested the site - Diocese Office; Orange's Internet Cafe - the site was simply 'stuck' in cyber space.

    Social Media: Facebook? Twitter?
    What are you talking about? I laugh whenever I think of Kgosi Mathangwane's comment about facebook. As the chief of a village in Botswana he has the kgotla; and there is no easier and quicker way to communicate with the people in and around a village like Mathangwane in Botswana, Africa, than the kgotla.

    Since 2009, his headsman, Batisani, created a profile on facebook. And it was Moeti who, via facebook.com/thinktankthuto, announced to the nation the transfer of the titles mid May of 2015. I don't know what I was more excited about: The titles to the land or that Moeti posted on facebook :).


    THUTO | foundation signs UN Global Compact: Human Rights, Labour, Environment, Anti-Corruption

    What is the Global Compact?
    The United Nations Global Compact is a strategic policy initiative for businesses that are committed to aligning their operations and strategies with ten universally accepted principles in the areas of human rights, labour, environment and anti-corruption.

    Civil Society in the Global Compact
    Civil society organizations (CSOs/NGOs/NonProfits) are an important and integral part of the UN Global Compact and its goal of embedding economies with universal principles and values. Civil society organizations contribute much needed perspectives and expertise that can complement those of other participants and stakeholders.

    Participating civil society organizations offer their knowledge in shaping special initiatives and workstreams; in the development of tools and research; in assisting business participants in the practical implementing the principles; in furthering partnership projects; and by helping to hold business accountable with respect to their commitments to the UN Global Compact and its ten principles. Currently almost 400 civil society organizations are involved at some level. In addition, four members of the UN Global Compact Board are representatives of civil society.

    How Civil Society Organizations Can Participate
    Global Compact participants pledge to support the ten principles within their organizations and sphere of influence. Unlike business participants, CSO’s are not required to report on implementation. The following outlines six ways in which CSOs can engage and participate.

    1. Explore Participation in UN Global Compact Country (Local) Networks
    As an initiative, the UN Global Compact has established more than 80 Country Networks throughout the world. These autonomous, business-led networks are designed as multi-stakeholder "chapters" to advance the UN Global Compact at the local level, through the implementation of the ten principles and partnership projects. CSOs are encouraged to contact the focal points of the relevant Country Network(s) to explore participation. The focal points and their contact information can be found under Networks Around the World.

    2. Join and/or Propose Partnership Projects
    One of the two goals of the UN Global Compact is to catalyze partnership projects in support of broad development objectives, including the Millennium Development Goals. Therefore, CSOs are encouraged to forge partnership projects with business participants and other supporting stakeholders of the UN Global Compact, including UN agencies and programs. Several important guides and partnership resources have been developed in this respect. These can be accessed under Partnerships for Development. This section also outlines the various types of partnerships and includes important links to the activities of the UN Development Programme and upcoming meetings and events related to the topic of partnerships.

    3. Engage Companies
    In addition, CSOs are encouraged to invite companies within their Country Network(s) to join partnership projects (existing/new/proposed), and to offer their organizations as potential partners to business on specific projects.

    4. Join and/or Support Special Initiatives and Workstreams
    The UN Global Compact has a number of topical initiatives and specialized workstreams that may be of interest to CSOs. These cover a spectrum of issues including: climate change, water, human rights, transparency and anti-corruption, responsible investment, zones of conflict, and management education. Opportunities may exist for enhanced civil society engagement in these initiatives and workstreams, and CSOs are encouraged to offer their participation and support. Information on these areas and related contact data can be found under Issues. In some cases, opportunity for greater CSO engagement may depend on the status of a given initiative and its current capacities.

    5. Provide Commentary to Companies on Communications on Progress
    As part of their commitment to the UN Global Compact, chief executive officers and their companies pledge to communicate annually on the ways in which they are implementing the ten principles and to provide links to these public disclosures on the UN Global Compact website. CSOs and other stakeholders are encouraged to analyze and review these Communications on Progress (COPs) and provide feedback directly to companies in the spirit of continuous improvement. Reviewing these public documents may also give CSOs key information on specific corporate activities and programs where greater CSO involvement may be needed.

    6. Participate in Global, Regional, and Local Events
    As a registered stakeholder in the UN Global Compact, a supporting CSO will receive regular communications on global, regional and local events. CSOs are encourage, where possible and feasible, to participate in these activities – bringing their unique perspectives, expertise, and capacities. 




    For building the original design of - www.thinktankthuto.org - I thank Matt Bailey and the entire LiveBook Team that made it possible. Starting from agreement to donate cost of building the site, for me to design the site, to actually building it, took us most of 2008; it was a compilation of ALL ideas and in the end just super confusing to everyone in Botswana and LA. During my trip to Botswana in 2009, I learned that the site's design was beautiful, but because LiveBooks' server was in San Francisco that the site was not loading in Botswana. See notes year 2009.

    January 3

    Outcome of 2007's June Needs Assessment Trip

    The Marshal Team's focus - A highschool for Francistown to educate 50% Orphans - was spot on. But the location had changed to Mathangwane July 2007. It was a lot more work than what the team had anticipated. A request was made for an extension past the Summer 2007 deadline. Fall 2007, Professor Belasco's attention was on selling his sister's company; his computer crashed over Christmas time; but finally early January, he edited the student's work and gave us a start. When he told me the the Business Plan would change in the years to come, I truly had no clue at this point in time.

    He also asked me whether I had thought of THUTO as the name for the foundation. He said that he had called the owner of the url in Botswana (thuto.org), but that the gentleman was not open to selling the url to him.

    I already knew this by then. So why THUTO for my business - - foundation and media - - The people of Botswana name their children after an event around the time of birth: After my trip to Botswana in 2005, I started using THUTO for everything I was doing: It is a name that references my 3 tertiary degrees; the focus of everything I've done since 2005 - 2015 for Botswana, Africa. THUTO is most definitely on my California License Plates - there is no room for Annelize Bester Photographer, Filmmaker etc etc.


    Thank-you to the following people from USC:

    President Max Nikias, Dennis Cornell, The President's Office;

    USC Viterbi: Steve Nutt (Director of the MC Gill Composites Center); Thank-you to USC Provosts Adam Powell and Ian McGillavray (2011)

    USC Marshall: Peter Giulioni, Dean Ellis, David Belasco, Lida Jennings, Janice Nishiyama, plus students Mark Roberts, Geoffrey Phillip, Tyler Monroe, Debrah Kimball, Raphael Anderson, Amitesh Anderson... Justin Campbell and Stephanie Ip participated but did not travel to Botswana;

    January 30

    Even though the businessplan had been written for a High School in Francistown; it was a beginning; but we had to spend more time and allocate more funds to comprehend what kind of school given the location of Mathangwane; additionally if we hadn't gone in 2007 the following would not have happened:

    1. The allocation of land in Mathangwane; albeit the initiative was announced, the Diocese had had a difficult time in Francistown with getting land from the City prior to our arrival.

    2. Spring 2014 - years later - Dean Ellis and the International Business Director organized for close to 30 students to travel to Botswana from USC. It was just a great outcome to know that my alma mater was still going back after the trip in 2007.

    3. I learned that a Dr. Diamond had been traveling to Botswana after our trip. I was told by the Dean of the University of Botswana's Business School (UB) that he had initiated a number of ideas at the University of Botswana.

    4. R&D by Dr. Emami (USC KECK, Pediatric Surgeon) for School Based Health Clinics started late 2009.
    2007 - 2014
    Thank-you to Melanie Courbet for introducing me to TEDx and then to ARUP, Los Angeles. She also spent many hours to help refine the marketing and selling of "The Children of Botswana" Photography Collection.
    The TEDx event that she and I attended at USC Marshall was the first one held at the University. A lot of information was offered over a cup of coffee at Le Pain, in West Hollywood, and at local Episcopal Churches. What the event made me understand was that it was ok. There was 1 project at TEDxUSC that had been successfully developed in a very similar fashion. There was no need for a defined "Think Tank" space: ideas were shared over coffee or via skype and email. Social Media would be introduced sometime 2008 or 2009 and I put a limit on telephone calls between LA and Gaborone. Its funny to think that when this project started it took Bishop Mwamba a few years to get onto skype, and now all the Bishops (Anglican and Episcopal) are skyping.
  • ARUP, Los Angeles & Gaborone: WHY 'GREEN'

    TOWARDS A GREEN VISION FOR THE SCHOOL AND THE VILLAGE Sustainable Building Practices and Strategies, Botswana's ICT and National Development Policies; Corporate Social Responsilbity and Globalization; Global Compact; Eco-Agricultural communities (villages); and Defining "Green" - Beyond Solar Panels for the Built Environment.

    There was a need to rethink what kind of school because of the location. Mathangwane is mostly undeveloped village 15 minutes north of Francistown. I was very excited when Steve Done and his team handed me material - Drivers of Change, and said please go home and we'll meet with you once you have learned that "Green is not just about Solar Panels. It was somewhere in this material that ARUP's template for development of eco-villages were mentioned. A concept that originated in Science Fiction novels but that ARUP had refined over a period of 70 years. I was also cautioned not to introduce the idea as 'new' to the people of Botswana, because technically African Villages are sustainable already.

    Thank-you to Steve Done who over the years have spent many hours teaching and advising me about "Green and Sustainable Environments. Thank-you to Davis Nkala in Gaborone, Botswana. Davis spent significant time last year, 2014, working on creating a presentation to introduce the development template for Mathangwane to Botswana Stakeholders.

    Lara Wharton, Professor Steven Moore and Lara Wharton's Team - Julien Rey, Elana St. George, Avidan Waldman - started preliminary thinking and delivered the first 'eco' solutions for Mathangwane early 2009.
  • The Global Recession & Neil Portnow

    The Global Recession did affect development of the Foundation's work for Botswana. I knew Neil Portnow because he had a cameo in my short film "Wannabe." Neil is the CEO and President of The Recording Academy (The Grammy Foundation). Neil's advice was that First Impressions Count. And that if I could that I should delay presenting to the LA public. I spoke with a Wells Fargo Banker and his opinion was the same. Too many Americans were losing their jobs and homes. Neil also warned me that it wasn't going to be a quick turnaround either. There were still many companies - famous ones - that would close their operations starting early 2009. We were fortunate to get a smaill bailout to continue R&D. But given that people were losing their homes and jobs, the foundation's board decided to cancel the first Benefit in Los Angeles.

    The final outcome deliverd by Dr. Emami Spring 2011 was initial R&D - A school based Health Clinic that would service the campus and community at large. Thank-you to Claudia Emami MD, MPH, Research Fellow, Department of Pediatric Surgery, Childrens Hospital, Los Angeles, USC-KECK School of Medicine.

    Fall 2008 she invited and introduced me to Dr. Henry Ford and Dr. Sanchez at the KECK Campus in Los Angeles.


    At the recommendation of Master Printer Michel Karman, I approached Gerd Ludwig (A National Geographic Photographer) for help with creating the photography for Botswana's HIV/AIDS Orphans and Mathangwane's Children's Education Fund www.thechildrenofbotswana.org. It was early January, when I ran into him at a presentation of his "Chernobyl" work at the annual PHOTOLA in Santa Monica. I decided to take a workshop with Gerd. Over the course of that weekend, I managed to introduce the project to him.  Gerd suggested that I get letters of support from Actress Kelly Hu, Business Owner Mary Ta, and anyone else who had offered to fundraise for the Charity; we also needed the names of the Anglican Education Taskforce (resumes)  for Don Stewart's application of the foundation's charitable status.

    He also, like Bob - the Chair of the Graduate Film Program at Art Center - specified how he would help. And he delivered on his promise. Mid July 2007 he edited the first group of children's work in collaboration with his assistant Dolores Lusitana and I. We also at that point in time figured out what else was needed for the Humanitarian Photography Collection.

    Gerd's workshop and in addition to other photography workshops (Fall 2006) by National Geographic editors and photographers had been very valuable not only to help with #TCOBW; but they also helped define a direction for marketing along with the first "Creative Brief" for the videographers who traveled with us to Botswana.

    [The Anglican International Schools of Botswana, Africa]

    Thank-you so very much to Mahasti Afshar  (Fundraiser Extraordinaire).

    What kind of school will get funding? Mahasti was a 'Karman Gem' Over  a 3 hour coffee, she mapped out the landscape of fundraising in Los Angeles; and suggested the vision we achieved 2007 - 2014.

    The vision in the present time (2015) is a project that needs not only donations but possibly venture capital.

    THE VISION To attain a vision for a school that puts at the center of activities - the student (the most important) - but yet provides solutions to a number of challenges i.e. Location, Africa, AID to AFRICA, education systems (what is relevant in today's economy), what is needed by Botswana (Local Economy); what is needed by the Global Economy.

    HOW DID WE ACHIEVE THE VISION R&D from 2005 - 2007 was guided by R&D of Education Systems; UN'S MDGs; Global Compact, Botswana's Vision 2016 and ARUP's template for development of eco-villages. Think Tank Thuto (R&D) spanned 2005 - 2014 which included identifying ideas; consulting (morero) and buy in from both local and global stakeholders (It is suppose to be an International School owned by the Diocese.)

    As an established actress in Hollywood for many years I have had the opportunity to travel extensively internationally and become involved with many charities worldwide. While visiting the beautiful country of Botswana in 2000, I was introduced to then Reverend, now Bishop Trevor Mwamba whose enthusiasm to better educate the people of Botswana was contagious. I have become determined to lend my support to his endeavors to raise funds to build schools and improve the lives of the people he so generously serves.

    I will gladly lend my name and support to Annelize Bester's "Think Tank Thuto" in hopes of being able to help the people of Botswana and my friend, Bishop Trevor Mwamba.

    I have had first hand experience recently with organizing another non-profit organization in my hometown called Reef Check Hawaii, which helps to monitor and educate the community about Hawaii's coral reef crisis.

    I hope to be able to do the same for Think Tank Thuto and help the people of Botswana build the schools they so desperately need. aloha, Kelly Hu  

    Meanwhile in Botswana, Bishop Mwamba organized the Anglican Education Taskforce and sent me Professor John Melamu (Chairman of the Education Taskforce) and his resume. The Nevada Law Firm (Don Stewart) requested the information for the filing of 501 © 3. Congregants and others who were part of the Education Taskforce were:

    Father Ben Moleko, Diocesan Secretary of Botswana
    Botswana Jessica Inga - Executive Assistant to the Bishop and TTT coordinator
    Susan Mogwera - Executive Assistant to the Bishop
    Fr. James Amanze
    Acting Dean Holy Cross Cathedral
    Clement Oliphant
    Sam Yaboah
    Duduzile Mbaakanyi
    Hope Phillips
    Beauty Autlwetse
    Edwin Qobose
    Claire Hamilton
    Sam Yeboah
    Dr. Manthe Tsuaneng Professor Alec Pongweni
    Ben Motlhalamme
    Ben Rugumyamheto


    Once there was a group of interested students, Giulioni arranged a teleconference with a Professor David Belasco, Lida Jennings (MBA Director) and I. The two had agreed to take over over the project at USC from Peter. Janice Nishiyama joined David, Lida and I, to pick a team of MBA students to travel to Botswana. Funding for travel came from the Lloyd Greif Center of Entrepreneuship Studies.

  • THINK TANK THUTO (Los Angeles & Gaborone) 

    Throughout 2005 - 2006, The Anglican Diocese had conducted and written a feasiblity plan as to why they should build schools in Palapye and Francistown.

    The trip with USC Marshall in 2007 was unexpected and happened very quickly. Peter Giulioni and I did not think it was necessary, but the supervisors of the team argued for.

    The main reason that I didn't want to travel to Botswana was that it was not good timing. I had filed for exemption via Don Stewart in Nevada.  Which meant that  fundraising had not started in Los Angeles/ And since the project was still technically at the inception phase in Botswana, noone had fundraised seriously for the project in Africa.  I was about to get engaged as well. If I had known the challenges to come, I probably would have glued the ring to my left hand's fourth finger to make it fit, and I would have handed everything over to someone else in LA. But who? LA is a city where the 'beach culture' dominates; and most people have no clue where Botswana is.

    Thinking was still at the inception phase early 2007 - most of the ideas were possible solutions to challenges which was identified while researching the Role of the Church in Africa (2005 - 2006); personal knowledge of Southern Africa; knowledge gained while studying Business and International Relations at USC; The Anglican Church had conducted a feasiblity report but this I did not see until 2011! From my own R&D, I knew that there was a need to build capacity; to identify the latest ideas for what is quality Education; and there was a need to answer why Botswana? Why should the people of Botswana and beyond fund these schools? A school is a great idea no matter where. But what kind of school? There was a lot to think about -  the challenges of location, needs of the community, needs of the country, the Stereotype of Africa, the history of the African Continent, The History of the Church in building schools. And then in addition to R&D (Think Tank Thuto) there was a need to produce communication material - How was I to manage and organize everything; ultimately the Diocese was suppose to manage everything; I was to facilitate, host a yearly benefit and pursue a career as a Commercial Photographer/ Director | THUTO
  • THUTO | foundation & media 

    How was I to manage and organize everything: THUTO | media & foundation

    This took time with the main focus on the work for Botswana starting 2005. Initially it was R&D: "The Role of the Church and Africa" and then in 2006 Organization and filing of the charitable organization. There has never been a budget for staff in Los Angeles. Initially I thought that Think Tank Thuto (Botswana) would Set Goals and that Think Tank Thuto (Los Angeles) would facilitate.

    The strongest need was to build trust here in Los Angeles for the Botswana Projects. So how does one create a culture of transparency? The first step was in the hiring of Stanislawski & Harrison - a CPA Firm in Pasadena - to file Form 990 and to file my own personal taxes.

    As an independent third party, Stanislawski since 2007, has been able to verify use of R&D funds and donations for stated causes of the foundation.

    Anthony Minghella's Production of the No. 1 Ladies Detective Agency was about to start in September of 2007. The set was been built, but for a small filming crew to document an event Gaborone did not have any Studio Depots to rent equipment from. I had to stop off in JHB to get Arri lights and just Film 101 lights. And thankfully when I postponed my trip back to LA, John Harrison from Sandton donated the extended time of the rental.

    A Businessplan for a high school, initial production for #TCOBW and videography for marketing. The 10 days with the USC Marshall Team, Professor Nutt and the videographers went by very quickly. I had to extend my stay because we had challenges with the US videographers. After sending them home I had to find a new videographer while waiting for inititial production of 'The Children of Botswana' to wrap up at Tshiamo Primary School in Gabs.

    Additionally - celebrity walk idea did not pan out - Kelly Hu had introduced the project to the Pearson Foundation, so I was preparing for their September arrival with the help of the Bishop's assistant Jessica Inga. Kelly had been asked to participate in their "Read for the Record" event; and the Pearson team requested that - Diocese and Foundation - could organize for a workshop at Marang Resort in Francistown.

    A quick turnabout to the U.S. was needed to make things happen. I wrapped up initial production of tcobw while introducing Zimbabwean Charles Nyembe to High Def Videoography at Gaborone Sun. The cost of travel, even in economy class, from California was and still is very expensive. So the challenges with the videographers had been good luck. Moreso because of the cost it was imperative to find and train local people to film events in Botswana.

    The week we - USC Marshall Team; USC Viterbi (Engineering) Steve Nutt (Director of M.C. Gill Composites Center; Videographers; and I arrived from the U.S., the Diocese released a Press Statement. Regardless that the Diocese had started planning in 2005 - feasibility, initial concept of architecture, and application for land- this was the first official announcement. 

    Upon reading the Diocese of Botswana’s press release in “The Daily News, ”The minister of Finance and Development planning, Balizi Gaolatlhe phoned the Bishop. And this is what he said, “Bishop, I hope that you have not gone too far”.... “Too far?” as the Bishop was telling me the story, I started to panic and my thoughts was on how many years we have spent - LOL only 2 at this point.  And then Gaolatlhe announced the gift from the Kgosi of Mathangwane. There was not only 1 choice but 3 that the Diocese of Botswana could choose from.

    A few weeks prior to Pearson, Kelly, Mitch and I arriving for the First Digital Arts Camp - African Spring, late August - Bishop Trevor went to visit Mathangwane and chose the land on the sloping hill overlooking the village.
    July - August

    Thank-you to Gerd Ludwig for helping “The Children of Botswana”! BIO :: Gerd Ludwig was born in Alsfeld, Germany, in 1947.  Initially he studied German literature, political science, and physical education at the University of Marburg, but interrupted his studies to travel in Scandinavia and North America while supporting himself with jobs as a bricklayer, sailor, gardener, and dishwasher.  Gerd later returned to Germany and studied photography for five years with Professor Otto Steinert at the Folkwangschule in Essen, graduating in 1972 with a degree in Photo Design from the University of Essen. He co-founded VISUM, Germany’s first photographer-owned photo agency, the following year.  In 1975, he moved to Hamburg and began working for Geo, Stern, Spiegel, Zeit-Magazin, Time, and Life, as well as photographing advertising campaigns.

    Gerd re-located to New York 1984 and continued to photograph for major international publications.  In the early 1990s, he signed on as a contract photographer for National Geographic Magazine, focusing on the social changes in Germany and Eastern Europe.  This work resulted in the publication of his book, Broken Empire: After the Fall of the USSR, a ten-year retrospective published by National Geographic. Gerd is a veteran of the renowned A Day in the Life book series; he exhibits his work in galleries and festivals, such as the Perpignan Visa pour L’Image; ;and has won numerous photographic awards, including the IPA’s 2006 Lucie Award for International Photographer of the Year.

    Now based in Los Angeles, Gerd has photographed in over 70 countries across the globe.  He continues to lecture at universities and photographic workshops throughout the world and, when not photographing for National Geographic, shoots advertising.

    Thank-you to Dolores Lusitana for helping “The Children of Botswana”! BIO: SITUATION BOOK is me, Dolores Lusitana, a graphic designer, photographer, writer, producer, and collaborative consultant predominantly for photographers and other visual artists. My work is focused on enabling artists to realize their full potential, identify and understand their core strengths and vision, and to facilitate production of that vision in a myriad of forms, including websites, books, exhibitions, or any other path the artist envisions.

    SITUATION BOOK is a collaborative, supportive partner, working to distill and communicate core ideas that artists working in isolation often have a hard time identifying on their own. With greater objectivity and renewed focus, potential commodification is more easily achieved.

    Moreover, SITUATION BOOK is equipped to tweak and maintain the required machinery of an artist's business - leaving them to do what they do best: create. As a published writer, photographer, designer, I am able to offer the artist’s understanding of the creative process with a producer’s skills and drive to complete projects on time and within budget. While always honoring the artist's personal vision.

    Bishop Mwamba chose the land that overlooks the village of Mathangwane. The Sashe River flows close by. Eventhough the land was allocated by the Kgosi (Chief), Headsman Batisani and with the full blessing of the Village Development Council of Mathangwane, it still would take another 8 years before the Landboard in Marapong approvesd the land for development by the Church. But we were highly unaware of what would become known as "the issue of the land " which now after May 15, 2015 is no longer an issue.
    The Read for the Record at Marang Resort, Francistown was highly impacted by Botswana's Internet: The connection was so slow that we were unable to 'stream' live; and the video file was so large that the Pearson Team couldn't get it to the U.S. on time for Extra's synopsis of the event. Charles - Zim videographer - also didn't film a lot of footage with the sound turned on... but anyway... it seemed so catastrophic at the time but really it didn't come to affect the outcome in the long run. The Pearson Foundation clued in that Charles was a gem, and 'snatched' him from us. But it was all good. He ended up all over Africa with Pearson teaching their Digital Arts Workshops for a number of years. And in his off times he helped us in Gabs, Francistown and Mathangwane (2009, 2010).

    By end of 2007, I learned that Provost Adam Clayton PowellI, Vice Provost fo Globalization - I had met him a number of times to discuss Botswana - announced: USC's GLOBALIZATION INITIATIVE: FOCUS AFRICA

    NB: The Marshall Team was the first business team to officially have traveled to Botswana from the University. Along with their work; I later learned that there were a number of other Professors who had active projects in Africa. Notably Professor Dasu who I would meet and work with in 2012 on a second development (for profit venture) for Mathangwane, Botswana, Africa

    “...Africa is the second largest continent on earth with the second largest population. It has more countries than any other continent. Opportunities for teaching, research and partnerships in and about Africa abound in such subjects as economic development, governance and reform, war and reconciliation, environmental challenges and natural resources, health care and disease, and religion and civic culture.

    Ultimately USC can have a role educating the world to shift from viewing Africa as a continent of challenges to a continent of opportunity. We hope you can join us as USC moves to place Africa in its rightful place as a central focus of education research, partnership and service....” Adam Clayton Powell III (Vice Provost for Globalization
    December 6, 2007

    Los Angeles is a metropolis. One can drive through an area that is known as Korea Town, to Little Tokyo, and north to Little Armenia to end up in China Town which covers a number of different neighborhoods in Pasadena to Arcadia. When you have this many people living together it was not surprising, that in the years 2005 +, that someone was making a documentary about the hundreds of LA based organizations building schools in Africa.

    Once R&D and development for the project(s) started, everyone seemed to have a friend who was building a school in Africa: I was introduced to a lady building schools in Sierra Leone, then a gentleman in Kenya, and others followed via introduction or emails who had their own projects in Ghana, Malawi and a number of other African States. I had no idea that there were so many people looking for funding for schools, or programs to help. And Los Angeles is not without its own challenges. And this I learned very well once the Recession started.

    So why Botswana? The country's history and politics was why I chose to help this landlocked, the size and shape of Texas, African State: Botswana's history is unique and it is truly a real Gem of Africa in many, many ways. Albeit directly north of South Africa, the histories of the two countries are very different - Botswana was a protectorate and South Africa a colony of the British Empire. And then who would not want to go to a country where people break out in song at dance without much excuse. I really love the people. A lady sometime last year (September 2014) in Francistown, very rudely pushed passed me to get to the counter. This is unusual in Botswana. People are usually respectful and mindful of lining up as you arrive at a public place. After placing my order, I ended up seated next to her, waiting for our take home Nando Chickens. She turned to me and said, I'm sorry, I'm Christian and just want to make sure that today ends well between us. We had both just finished the drive from Gabs to Francistown. I was happy for the conversation; and frankly more anxious about finding the hotel that the Diocese had arranged for. I have difficulty seeing at night time. Fortunately directions - not by road names - are usually given by using buildings, the curvy road and left at the Big Tree and the Rock on the right. So I found the hotel. And woke up the next morning overlooking a park with one of the biggest red bottle brush trees I've seen in a long time. All was good for the weekend.

    The Beginning of the Foundation & TTT

    I can't recall which month Bishop Mwamba called from Ohio. He requested help again for the school in Francistown; and we decided to delay development of the documentary feature. I never had heard back from Christopher Stoy. I think its because Los Angeles is one of the biggest fundraising cities in the world, and the requests for help from all over the world are staggering. I think my request was lost in the pipeline, unintentionally that is. Fortunately, my stepfather is a unique man, an entrepreneur who never in all the years that I knew him, turned down any ideas without exploring the feasiblity of ideas and in this case a very serious request for help. Unlike others who I spoke with, he was very optimistic about Botswana after hearing my impressions of the country. He turned to me one day and said that the project would be my life's work. R.I.P MC. (2013) R.I.P Doreen Nteta. (2014) R.I.P. Clement Oliphant. (2011)


    Spring of 2006, I was also having prints made for a photography project I shot in the Luberon, France. I told B&W Master Printer Michel Karman (printer) about the pending projects in Botswana.

    Michel Karman was the recipient of the 2003 International "Lucie" award as "Best Printer" of the year. He by then had printed for some of the most prestigious photographers around the Globe including Helmut Newton, Irving Penn, Sally Mann and David Hockney. And because his printing shop was right in the middle of Hollywood, his clients had also included actors Jeff Bridges, Dennis Hopper, Brad Pitt and filmmakers Sofia Coppola, Viggo Mortensen, Wim Wenders and David Lynch. His print work has been exhibited at the Getty, Louvres and the Centre Pompidou in Paris, the National Gallery of Art in Washington and galleries in Los Angeles, New York and London.

    Over the next couple of months Michel brainstormed about execution of #TCOBW, and also introduced me to a group of people who he thought would be able to help with #tcobw & #thinktankthuto. Most notably along with Michel Karman, 5 people over time made significant contributions to the Botswana projects: To help create a strategy for fundraising Mahasti Afshar along with Charlie from explore.org - offered a clear vision for TAISBA; National Geographic Photographer Gerd Ludwig and Dolores Lusitana (Founder of SITUATION BOOK) - helped edit the first group of students' work.

    The editing of the Children and my photography took place August 2007. Fall 2006 until early 2007, Michel and I spent months trying to figure out how production by the children could happen. He thought tourist cameras over digital. And finally, because I love B&W Film, the Holga Camera was chosen and 400 Tri-X Film. James Fee (Art Center) taught me how to print and how to develop the film for a certain look. The Holga camera brought a complete different dimension (unexpectedly) to the Collection.

    I was spending so much time at A&I talking about Botswana with Michel, that we ended up convincing the owners of A&I Digital Labs, Baret & Vic Lepejian, to help out a little. They allowed for a discount in the chemical development of hundreds of rolls of film; and digital scanning of the Tri-X negatives. Thank-you Baret and Vic.

    Summer 2006
    I had no plans to collaborate in the writing of the businessplan for TAISBA. It started with a friend of mine's cousin, Alok Sikand, who offered to put together a team at Pepperdine University who would write it with him and I. After a number of meetings with the Chair of the MBA Program, Alok, because of the program's demands couldn't commit.

    I decided to try again at USC - after all it is my alma mater - and this time I approached the Provost of USC: Max Nikias. My stepfather encouraged me to keep trying until something happened at the University via the Provost. He had known him for over 20 years and had a lot of faith in his ability in making things happen. And after a phone call to his office, my email for help reached Peter Giulioni, a Jesuit Priest.

    At that moment in time, the U.S. was still very very preoccupied with the war on terror (post 9/11) and then the war in IRAQ that had started in 2003. Peter's opinion was that it was perhaps time that we offered Africa another chance. And so meetings with several business students started and negotiations started.


    In addition to charitable organizations rallying for funding to help LA's own local causes, because of Hollywood, Los Angele is a magnet for requests from around the Globe. Upon graduation from Art Center's Film Program, I was a volunteer PSA Producer, Editor (2003 - 2005) for Women in Film's Production Program. The program produces PSAs for local LA based Charitable Organizations - there are many. I also learned from the Beverly Hills Law Firm that had reapplied for the foundation's Exemption, that the only legal services that they were providing was the filing of 501 (c) 3 for individuals and companies. They were making around $1, 000,000 per year.


    Who would support the Diocese school building initiative? I started with a broader approach given what the CEO of BEDIA had told me: America has a block when it comes to Africa. Its easier to do business with China.

    I approached Dr. Steven Nutt, the Chemical Engineering Chair of the M.C. Gill Composite Center at USC. Botswana is heavily reliant on Diamonds, and contrary to the famous De Beers Campaign - diamonds are not forever. Diversification of the economy? Chemical Engineering? Aerospace? It really wasn't so far fetched. The Botswana Government was busy planning the 2nd University of Botswana in 2006. At this point in time BIUST was getting off the ground with management offices in Gaborone. The full time staff was headed by Kweku Bentil. Last year, 2014, I drove through the campus where the University had started to operate a number of years ago. It was a little surreal to actually walk through the hallways of the architect drawings Bentil showed me in 2009.


    TAISBA [The Anglican International Schools of Botswana, Africa]

    The Anglican Diocese of Botswana's school building initiative was announced early 2005, when Trevor Mwamba became the Anglican Bishop of Botswana. The Diocese conducted and wrote a feasiblity plan; and an initial vision for a high-school in Francistown was created by a local Batswana architect.

    EARLY 2005

    In 2005 my Green Card accidentally fell out of my passport  before I left the U.S. In South Africa  I suddenly had to prove that I really am not from there! I had thrown away my boarding passes from LAX while in Durban, and the people at the U.S. Embassy was having a hard time believing that I actually had had a life in LA since 1992, never mind that I actually had left South Africa in the early 80s. I went through hoops for almost 3 weeks to get back to the U.S. Towards the end of my unexpected extended stay in SA, my cousin - Izel Bester - and I decided that there was no reason not to head north to Botswana for the July 4, 2005 weekend. Botswana is a 40 hour trip form Los Angeles. And this was a change to fly for 40 minutes  to find out more about this documentary film.

    The events that got me to Gaborone were perhaps random, not sure anymore. By then the Bishop and I had exchanged several emails about the documentary. Throughout that weekend I met a number of people. But the most relevant to the future R&D and planning of the school and organization of the foundation was the Bishop's wife - CEO of BEDIA (Botswana's Investment Council now BITC). She presented me with a clear vision of what the country was doing globally; and then of course the challenges of gaining FDI in the U.S. for Botswana.

    Filmmaking and Sustainable Development? My interest in Sustainable Development for Africa started in 1992 while pursuing my BS in Business Administration at the University of Southern California (USC). It was here during Senior year that I focused on International Finance with special focus in Risk Analysis in the Developing Countries of Sub Sahara Africa. The South as it was referred to by Professor Kjeldsen's Risk Analysis. South Africa of course was my chosen focus. I remember what I thought and wrote by looking at the indicators at Marshall's Business Library in 1996.  A year later and then again in 2005 the development that had taken place was at an indescribable pace.

    I left Botswana having been asked to continue R&D for the documentary film; and too I was asked if I knew any investors that would be interested in opening a business in Botswana. We also discussed the feasibility of a fundraising Event for Botswana with actress Kelly Hu as host.

    Upon my return in the the U.S., I approached my stepfather to see if he would be interested in investing in Botswana. During a meeting with his marketing manager, we thought that the best way to help Bostwana was to connect the Church with Higher Education in Los Angeles. He then arranged a meeting with Christopher Stoy - a USC Viterbi fundraiser and corporate liaison. I introduced the goals of both the Church and BITC (BEDIA back then) and handed him a copy of the  architect's plans for the highschool in Francistown. We asked him to find  someone at the University to help Botswana.

    July, 2005
  • NYC

    Around September 2005, Actress Kelly Hu, Composer Mitch Allan and I met with Rt. Trevor Mwamba in NYC. We met to discuss the possibility of a celebrity fundraising walk in Botswana.
    September 2005

    6-12 September 2005. Bishop Mwamba joined Interdenominational religious leaders in Washington D.C. at the Washington National Cathedral to call for a stepped-up role of the religious sector in alleviating extreme poverty and affirming the United Nations' Millennium Goals (MDGs). The result of the meeting was a communique in which the religious leaders offered their partnership to the world leaders. The group had gathered at the World Summit at the United Nations in building a global movement to make real the promises of the MDGs as a crucial step toward a more just world for all God's children. The communique outlined 7 concrete steps which the governments are called upon to act namely:

    1. Creating a Just Society
    2. Building Partnerships
    3. Promoting Accountability and Transparency
    4. Canceling Debt
    5. Increasing Development Assitance
    6. Promoting Trade Justice and Security

    It also called on the Churches to increase the effectiveness of their work to the poor.

    September 6, 2005


    Thank-you Robert Peterson for helping with development of this program. Key to fundraising is storytelling - photography, blogging, videography, social media and websites are all part of the process. Our challenge was and still is capacity; and too I knew that I wouldn't always be able to travel to Botswana let alone be there full time. So the program was initiated to address multiple needs: to produce communication material; to introduce Digital Arts at the Diocese' Orphanages; to connect U.S. & Batswana Students to create Content (Non-Profit and For Profit); and to ultimately have Media Labs at the Orphanages (& Schools in the long run) which was open for use by not only the Orphans but community at large. (possible revenue stream for both orphanages and schools in the long run). 

    I have a BA in Business Administratrion (USC); A BA in Photography (to be awarded still) and MFA in Film from Art Center, College of Design. Bob had been my mentor since 2000, so of course, Fall 2005, I approached  The Chair of the Graduate Film Program at the Art Center. Robert Peterson agreed to advise on what becomes known initially as THUTO ICT (Initiative) and then Pics by Kids (Digital Arts Program). THUTO ICT was too broad. When I arrived in Gabs 2009, someone wanted to introduce me to a Computer Programmer. 

    Unfortunately Bob couldn't help with the development of the schools, but then ultimately I was hoping that he would help with Pics by Kids. [(Pics references still and motion (film)] He created the Graduate Film Program at the Art Center: An important aspect to fundraising is communication of the people and their stories; also for many people in California, Africa is a country vs a continent. So not many people know the history and stories of the different African States. Why is Botswana different from the rest of Africa.?  The most often question I'm asked is Where is Botswana? We met often to talk about feasibility and where development of the program was at in Botswana. He and I agreed that a portrait of a country entailed the work of many filmmakers and photographers. 


    Art Center College, established in 1930, has earned a world class reputation in art and design. Robert Peterson was one of the six students at Art Center who, in 1973, inspired a unique filmmaking program that specialized in the creation and direction of television commercials. In 1990, Peterson created a focus on the narrative aspects of filmmaking when he became Chair of Art Center’s film programs. The curriculum change further enhanced the filmmaking and leadership skills of the college’s film graduates. 2007 films that were directed by Art Center Alums were Michael Bay’s “The Transformers” and Zack Snyder’s “300.” Peterson is a member of the Directors Guild of America and the International Photographers Guild. A Selection of clients include: Twentieth Century Fox, Paramount Pictures, Columbia Pictures, Universal Studios, United Artists and A&M Records.

    November 16, 2005

    Thank-you to Actress Kelly Hu!
    How did I, Annelize Bester (THUTO) connect with Botswana?

    I am a Trekkie: So the Beginning was definitely a Star Trek Moment: If Hawaiian Actress Kelly Hu's asthma attack hadn't happened on the runway at Gabs' International Airport in 2001 I would never have connected with anyone in Botswana.

    It was a couple of year later, at lunch in Brentwood, California, that she told me about a Priest who was looking for a filmmaker to Direct a documentary. By then I had Directed two music videos for John Oates ("It Girl" featured Paris Hilton); and was busy with filming and post on the short film "Wannabe." A few weeks later, via email she introduced me to Trevor Mwamba and correspondence began about maybe filming a documentary in Zambia.

    The idea of going to Africa was of great interest to me. I'm 13th Generation South African; but since '81 had only been back once in 1997!
    Because of a modeling career which started in Highschool, I was mostly in Japan, Europe and Canada 1985 - 1994.  Throughout 2003 and 2004 my focus was on a day-job and production and then post of "Wannabe." However there was time for initial R&D about the Church's role in Africa.

    '03 - '04

    At the Millennium Summit in September 2000, member states of the United Nations unanimously adopted the Millennium Declaration and reaffirmed their commitment to addressing the global challenges of creating a just, shared, peaceful and prosperous world. This Declaration originated from a series of international summits and conferences in the 1990s through which the United Nations sought to renew its global agenda in the post-cold war era. The Declaration contained numerous commitments to enhance the future of humanity in the new century. The United Nations Secretariat subsequently drafted the list of eight objectives, each with a set of targets and specific indicators.

  • THE 8 MDGs ARE

    The Millennium Development Goals and Vision 2016 offers Frameworks for Developing Nations:

    1. Eradicate extreme poverty and hunger
    2. Achieve Universal Primary Education
    3. Promote Gender Equality and Empower women
    4. Reduce Child Mortality
    5. Improve Maternal Health
    6. Combat HIV/AIDS, Malaria and other diseases
    7. Ensure Environmental Sustainablity
    8. Develop a Global Partnership for Development


    The work of defining Vision 2016 began in August 1996 with a nine person Presidential Task Group. They produced a booklet entitled "A Framework for a Long Term Vision for Botswana". The Vision 2016 described below is a national manifesto for the people of Botswana. It reflects the views of many different parts of our society. It is a statement of long term goals that identifies the challenges implied by those goals, and proposes a set of strategies that will meet them.

    The development plans of Botswana have always been based upon the four national principles, which are:

    1. Democracy
    2. Development
    3. Self-reliance
    4. Unity


    These principles are still valid today, and must be re-focused to embrace change and relate to Botswana's current level of development.
    The fifth principle for Botswana will be Botho (Setswana word for respect, good manners). Botho as a concept must stretch to its utmost limits the largeness of the spirit of all Batswana. It must permeate every aspect of our lives, like the air we breathe, so that no Motswana will rest easy knowing that another is in need.

  • VISION 2016

    By the year 2016, Botswana will be an educated and informed nation. All people will be able to have good quality education that is adapted to the needs of the country. Schooling will be universal and compulsory to the secondary level. Good quality vocational and technical training will be available at secondary level and beyond as an alternative to academic study. Entrepreneurship and business skills will be an integral part of all schooling. No student will be disadvantaged by ethnic origin, gender, language or remoteness of settlement.

    Botswana will be in the forefront of information technology with state of the art computer and communications equipment, and will play a full part in the coming information age. All people will have access to telephones, national newspapers, radio and television services, and to computer equipment. Information about the operations of Government or other organisations will be freely available to all citizens.

    By the year 2016, Botswana will be a prosperous, productive and innovative nation. Batswana will be a hard working and disciplined people with a diversified economy. Agriculture, industry, mining and services will be productive and vital components of economic activity.

    Batswana's development will be sustainable, and will take account of the preservation of the environment and renewable resources. Incomes in Botswana will have been raised closer to those in developed nations. All Batswana. male and female will have the opportunity of paid employment, access to good quality housing, as well as increased resource ownership.
    By the year 2016, Botswana will be a compassionate and caring nation. Income will be distributed equitably. Poverty will have been eradicated, and there will be an efficient social safety net for those who suffer misfortune. All Batswana will have access to good quality health services, sanitation and nutrition. The negative impact of the AIDS epidemic in Botswana will have been halted and reversed.

    By the year 2016, Botswana will be a safe and secure nation. Violent crime will have been eliminated, and there will be full protection of individual rights. Batswana will have confidence in law enforcement agencies, and standards of road safety will be high. The people and borders of Botswana will be protected by a small, disciplined and accountable national defense force.
    By the year 2016, Botswana will be an open, democratic and accountable nation. There will be a system of decentralized democracy and political tolerance. Civil society will play a full part in the development of the country, alongside government. The nation's leaders will be open and accountable to the people. The role of traditional leaders will have been enhanced. Freedom of expression as well as press freedom will be fully protected. By the year 2016, Botswana will be a moral and tolerant nation. There will be high standards of personal morality, and tolerant social attitudes towards people of different cultures, ethnic traditions, religions or disabilities.

    By the year 2016, Botswana will be a united and proud nation, sharing common ideals, goals and symbols. Society will be under-pinned by resilient family values with a strong sense of tradition and pride in its history.